Weed of the Month

Learn about noxious weeds and steps you can take to manage or eradicate.  Each month we will bring you a new profile and helpful resources.

February Weed Profile 

Common mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Common mullein, also known as woolly mullein, was introduced into the United States in the mid 1700’s.  It was used as a fish poison for easy collection of fish.  Introduction into Colorado is not known but was noted as a common weed in Boulder in 1905.  This species occurs in all states to include Alaska and Hawaii and is often mistaken as a native plant.

First year plants have soft, fuzzy leaves that are gray-green.  Second year plants can grow to more than 7 feet tall, leaves and stem are covered with woolly hairs.

Plants flower from June to August.  Flowers are yellow, saucer-shaped and attached to an erect stem.

Common mullein is a biennial plant that reproduces by seed.  It can produce 250,000+ seeds per plant.  Seeds have been known to germinate after more than 100 years.  Common mullein seed was found in archaeological soil in Denmark, this seed was dated from 1300 AD and germinated.

Integrated management techniques include chemical, and mechanical.  If flowering, bag and dispose of plants to prevent the spread of seeds.

RESOURCES

USDA Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)

Plant Conservation Alliance

Items of Interest

Weed of the Month

2021

January Weed Profile – Dalmatian Toadflax

2020

January Weed Profile – Cheatgrass

February Weed Profile – Myrtle Spurge

March Weed Profile – Hoary Cress

April Weed Profile – Leafy Spurge

May Weed Profile – Scotch Thistle

June Weed Profile – Dyer’s Woad

July Weed Profile – Orange Hawkweed

August Weed Profile – Purple Loosestrife

September Weed Profile – Teasel

October Weed Profile – Canada Thistle

November Weed Profile – Russian Knapweed

December Weed Profile – Russian Olive